Skin discolouration

Skin hyperpigmentation is one of the most difficult skin defects to treat, due to the multitude of causes that cause hyperpigmentation, the need for strict adherence to treatment recommendations and the propensity for recurrence. The most common causes of hyperpigmentation are sunlight, inflammatory processes, hormonal disorders, medications, herbs and genetic factors. The incidence of hyperpigmentation also increases with age, reaching up to 90% in postmenopausal women. In practical terms, hyperpigmentation can be divided into:

  • epidermal
  • dermal
  • mixed

The deeper the localisation of hyperpigmentation, the longer the treatment. Effective treatment must take into account four steps:

  • in-office treatments (lasers, Cosmelan, chemical peelings)
  • maintenance treatment (special skincare products)
  • sun protection – applying high, broad-spectrum sunscreens every day before leaving the house (even on cloudy days)
  • elimination of other factors if possible (hormonal contraception, medication, treatment of inflammatory lesions, acne)

When considering treatments for hyperpigmentation, it is important to remember that a quick result does not necessarily mean successful treatment. If the methods are too aggressive, discolouration may recur with redoubled force, therefore it is better to apply a series of treatments affecting the cause of changes (peelings with anti-inflammatory effect and inhibiting melanogenesis, retinol, platelet-rich plasma which has the ability to reverse pathological changes associated with chrono- and photoageing, mesotherapy with cocktails containing new drugs inhibiting melanogenesis, lasers).

The only 1-step treatment providing strong results is Cosmelan / Dermamelan treatment, which is strongly recommended also for melasma patients, but requires several days of home stay.

When choosing home care preparations, remember to include ingredients with proven efficacy, and preferably a combination of several effective ingredients, including melanogenesis inhibitors such as 4- butylresorcinol, tranexamic acid, kojic acid and antioxidants.



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